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This Day in History

For discussions of historical fiction. Threads that do not relate to historical fiction should be started in the Chat forum or elsewhere on the forum, depending on the topic.
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Susan
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Post by Susan » Fri November 6th, 2009, 2:21 am

November 8 in royal history:

November 8, 1715 – Birth of Elizabeth Christine of Brunswick-Bevern, wife of Frederick II of Prussia (the Great)

November 8, 1768 - Birth of Princess Augusta Sophia, daughter of George III, at Buckingham Palace
Augusta was the second daughter and sixth child of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenberg-Strelitz. She was brought up with her sisters under a strict governess. Augusta never married but spent her time attending her mother. When her mother died, Parliament voted her an income of 13,000 pounds. Augusta was the favorite sister of her brother George IV. She was an accomplished musician and composed songs, marches and waltzes and was noted for acts of charity. She lived at Clarence House and died there in 1840. Augusta was buried at St. George's Chapel, Windsor.

November 8, 1777 – Birth of Désirée Clary, wife of Charles XIV of Sweden

November 8, 1876 – Death of Maria Vittoria del Pozzo della Cisterna, wife of Amadeo I of Spain, at Sanremo, Italy; buried at the Basilica of Superga, Turin, Italy

November 8, 1933 - Assassination of King Nadir Shah of Afghanistan at Kabul, Afghanistan

November 8, 2003 - Birth of Lady Louise Windsor, daughter of Prince Edward, at Frimley Park Hospital, Surrey
Full name: Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary
~Susan~
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Susan
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Post by Susan » Sun November 8th, 2009, 11:00 pm

November 9, 1384 – Birth of Isabella of Valois, second wife of Richard II, at Hotel du Louvre, Paris, France
Isabella’s younger sister, Catherine married Henry V. Through her second marriage, Catherine was the mother of Edmund Tudor, father of Henry VII.

November 9, 1841 - Birth of Edward VII at Buckingham Palace
Full name: Albert Edward

November 9, 1866 - Wedding of Tsar Alexander III of Russia and Princess Dagmar of Denmark, daughter of King Christian IX

November 9, 1918 - Abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany

November 9, 1953 - Death of Abdul Aziz ibn Sa'ud, first king of Saudi Arabia at Ta’if, Saudi Arabia; buried at Al Od Cemetery, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
~Susan~
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emr
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Post by emr » Mon November 9th, 2009, 7:06 pm

November 9th 1989
(...)
Günter Schabowski, a spokesperson for the politburo, had the task of announcing this (allow refugees to exit directly through crossing points between East Germany and West Germany, including West Berlin. On the same day, the ministerial administration modified the proposal to include private travel); however he had not been involved in the discussions about the new regulations and had not been fully updated. Shortly before a press conference on November 9, he was handed a note that said that East Berliners would be allowed to cross the border with proper permission but given no further instructions on how to handle the information. These regulations had only been completed a few hours earlier and were to take effect the following day, so as to allow time to inform the border guards—however, nobody had informed Schabowski. He read the note out loud at the end of the conference. When the Italian journalist Riccardo Ehrman, the Berlin correspondant of ANSA newsagency, asked when the regulations would come into effect, Schabowski assumed it would be the same day based on the wording of the note and replied "As far as I know effective immediately, without delay". After further questions from journalists he confirmed that the regulations included the border crossings towards West Berlin, which he had not mentioned until then.

Soon afterwards, a West German television channel, ARD, broadcast incomplete information from Schabowski's press conference. A moderator stated: "This ninth of November is a historic day." East Germany "has announced that, starting immediately, its borders are open to everyone."

After hearing the broadcast, East Germans began gathering at the wall, demanding that border guards immediately open its gates. The surprised and overwhelmed guards made many hectic telephone calls to their superiors, but it became clear that there was no one among the East German authorities who would dare to take personal responsibility for issuing orders to use lethal force, so there was no way for the vastly outnumbered soldiers to hold back the huge crowd of East German citizens. In face of the growing crowd, the guards finally yielded, opening the checkpoints and allowing people through with little or no identity checking. Ecstatic East Berliners were soon greeted by West Berliners on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere.

November 9 is thus considered the date the Wall fell. In the days and weeks that followed, people came to the wall with sledgehammers to chip off souvenirs, demolishing lengthy parts of it in the process. These people were nicknamed "Mauerspechte" (wall woodpeckers).
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SonjaMarie
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Post by SonjaMarie » Mon November 9th, 2009, 8:41 pm

Nov 9, 1888: the last canon victim of Jack the Ripper, Mary Jane Kelly, is found horribly mutilated in her room in Miller's Court, London, UK.

I've been reading a Sherlock Holmes vs. Jack the Ripper fiction book lately so it's fresh in my mind as the murder is only days away in the books timeline.

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princess garnet
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Post by princess garnet » Mon November 9th, 2009, 8:47 pm

1970--Charles de Gaulle, former general and French president, dies.

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Susan
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Post by Susan » Tue November 10th, 2009, 2:07 am

Today in royal history:

November 10, 1480 - Birth of Bridget of York, daughter of Edward IV, at Eltham Palace, Kent
Bridget became a nun. She was the youngest sister of the Princes in the Tower and Elizabeth of York.

November 10, 1495 – Death of Dorothea of Brandenburg, wife of two Danish kings, Christopher of Bavaria and Christian I; buried at Roskilde Cathedral

November 10, 1849 - Birth of Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife, husband of Princess Louise, Princess Royal, at Edinburgh, Scotland
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Susan
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Post by Susan » Tue November 10th, 2009, 11:40 pm

Today in royal history:

November 11, 1100 - Wedding of Henry I and (Edith) Matilda of Scotland at Westminster Abbey

November 11, 1599 – Birth of Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, wife of Gustav II Adolf of Sweden

November 11, 1748 – Birth of Charles IV of Spain

November 11, 1861 – Death of Pedro V of Portugal at Lisbon; buried at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon

November 11, 1869 - Birth of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy

November 11, 1882 - Birth of Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden

November 11, 1953 – Death of Irene of Hesse and by Rhine, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Herrenhaus Hemmelmark, Eckernförde, Germany
Princess Irene was the daughter of Princess Alice and Grand Duke Louis of Hesse and by Rhine. She married her first cousin Prince Henry of Prussia. Irene was a hemophilia carrier and transmitted the disease to two of her sons.

November 11, 1955 - Birth of King Jigme Singye Wangchuk of Bhutan

November 11, 1981 - Birth of Hereditary Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg, son of Grand Duke Henri
~Susan~
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Susan
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Post by Susan » Thu November 12th, 2009, 1:30 am

Today in royal history:

November 12, 1035 - Death of King Canute of England, Denmark and Norway at Shaftesbury, Dorset, England; buried at Winchester Cathedral

November 12, 1094 – Death of King Duncan II of Scotland at the Battle of Monthechin; buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland

November 12, 1858 – Death of Prince Alois II of Liechtenstein; buried at the Liechtenstein Crypt in Vranov nearby Brno, Czech Republic

November 12, 1918 - Abdication of Emperor Karl I of Austria

November 12, 1929 - Birth of Grace Patricia Kelly, wife of Prince Rainier of Monaco

November 12, 1996 - Birth of Alexander Ogilvy, son of James Ogilvy and grandson of Princess Alexandra of Kent
~Susan~
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Susan
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Post by Susan » Fri November 13th, 2009, 2:26 am

Today in royal history:

November 13, 1093 – Death of Malcolm III of Scotland near Alnwick; buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland

November 13, 1143 – Death of Fulk V, Count of Anjou

November 13, 1312 - Birth of Edward III at Windsor Castle

November 13, 1726 - Death of Sophia Dorothea of Celle, divorced wife of George I, after 32 years of imprisonment at Castle of Ahlden, Hanover, Germany; buried at Stadtkirche St. Marien, Celle, Germany

November 13, 1801 – Birth of Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, wife of Frederick William IV of Prussia

November 13, 1810 – Death of Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy, wife of Louis XVIII of France, in exile at Hartwell House in Buckinghamshire, England; buried at the Cathedral of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy

November 13, 1907 - Birth of Giovanna of Italy, wife of Boris III of Bulgaria

November 13, 1929 – Death of Princess Victoria of Prussia, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, at Bonn
Princess Victoria, known in the family as Moretta, was the daughter of Victoria, Princess Royal and Kaiser Frederick III of Germany. She married Prince Adolf zu Schaumburg-Lippe. After his death, she made a controversial marriage to Alexander Zoubkov.

November 13, 1989 - Death of Prince Franz Josef II of Liechtenstein; buried at the Princely Crypt, Vaduz Cathedral
~Susan~
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Susan
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Post by Susan » Sat November 14th, 2009, 12:44 am

Today in royal history:

November 14, 1060 – Death of Geoffrey II (the Hammer), Count of Anjou

November 14, 1501 - Wedding of Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of Henry VII, and Katherine of Aragon, daughter of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile, at Old St. Paul’s Cathedral, London

November 14, 1650 - Birth of William III of England at Binnenhof Palace, The Hague, Netherlands

November 14, 1847 – Birth of Catherine Dolgorukova, morganatic second wife Tsar Alexander II of Russia

November 14, 1866 – Death of Miguel I of Portugal in exile in Karlsruhe, Germany; buried first in the Franciscan abbey in Klein Engelberg, Germany, since 1967 in the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon

November 14, 1935 - Birth of King Hussein of Jordan

November 14, 1948 - Birth of Prince Charles, son of Queen Elizabeth II, at Buckingham Palace

November 14, 1956 – Death of Elisabeth of Romania, wife of George II of Greece, in Cannes, France; buried at Hedinger Church in Sigmaringen, Germany

November 14, 1973 - Wedding of Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips at Westminster Abbey
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